Measuring the size of the informal tourism economy in Thailand

Erdinc Cakmak, M Alper Çenesiz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

14 Citations (Scopus)


This study is the first to estimate the size of the informal tourism economy. Using a dynamic general equilibrium model, this paper first estimates the size of the informal tourism economy and then assesses its linkages to key labour market variables in Thailand. Empirical results indicate that: (a) the informal tourism economy grows faster than the formal tourism and aggregate economy; (b) both formal and informal tourism economies absorb the unemployed; (c) the relationship between formal and informal economies is negative in the aggregate but positive in the tourism sector.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)637-652
Number of pages16
JournalInternational Journal of Tourism Research
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 2020


  • Thailand
  • gender gap
  • informal economy
  • informal tourism economy
  • labour market
  • shadow economy
  • size
  • trends
  • vulnerable employment


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