Different charging strategies for electric vehicle fleets in urban freight transport.

B Kin, M Hopman, Hans Quak

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

14 Citations (Scopus)
121 Downloads (Pure)


The transition from diesel-driven urban freight transport towards more electric urban freight transport turns out to be challenging in practice. A major concern for transport operators is how to find a reliable charging strategy for a larger electric vehicle fleet that provides flexibility based on different daily mission profiles within that fleet, while also minimizing costs. This contribution assesses the trade-off between a large battery pack and opportunity charging with regard to costs and operational constraints. Based on a case study with 39 electric freight vehicles that have been used by a parcel delivery company and a courier company in daily operations for over a year, various scenarios have been analyzed by means of a TCO analysis. Although a large battery allows for more flexibility in planning, opportunity charging can provide a feasible alternative, especially in the case of varying mission profiles. Additional personnel costs during opportunity charging can be avoided as much as possible by a well-integrated charging strategy, which can be realized by a reservation system that minimizes the risk of occupied charging stations and a dense network of charging stations.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-18
Issue number23
Publication statusPublished - 2021


  • Charging infrastructure
  • Charging strategy
  • City logistics
  • Electrification
  • Sustainability
  • Urban freight transport
  • Zero emission zone


Dive into the research topics of 'Different charging strategies for electric vehicle fleets in urban freight transport.'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this