Data-driven sustainable tourism: dealing with climate change

Project: Research

Project Details


This project extends the knowledge and scope of carbon footprinting in tourism. Currently, the carbon footprint of holidaymakers is available as time-series based on the CVO (Continue Vakantie Onderzoek) for the years 2002, 2005 and all between 2008 and 2018. For one year, 2009, a report has also been written about inbound tourism. The carbon footprint of business travel has not been determined, whereas there has been considerable interest throughout the years from businesses to assess and mitigate their travel footprints. There is also increasing policy attention for travel footprints. In 2018, a modified setup of the CVO caused the need to revise our statistical model and correction factors to be developed to counter the potential effects of a trend-breach. The project aimed to check and improve the current syntax for Dutch holidaymakers, adjust the one for inbound tourism, and develop a new one for Dutch business travel. The project output includes a report on the carbon footprint of Dutch holidaymakers for 2018, on inbound tourism for 2014, and on Dutch business travel for 2016, based on the CVO, inbound tourim dataset, and CZO. The project ends with a workshop with stakeholders to identify the way forward in tourism carbon footprinting in the Netherlands (tools, applications, etc.)

Project partners: NRIT Research, NBTC-NIPO Research, CBS
AcronymDDL Sustainable Tourism
Effective start/end date1/06/1918/12/20


  • Centre of Expertise Leisure, Tourism and Hospitality (CELTH )


  • carbon footprint
  • emissions
  • eco-efficiency
  • domestic tourism
  • outbound tourism
  • business travel
  • inbound tourism
  • Netherlands


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